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[专升本阅读] 2017专升本英语阅读理解轻松提分秘诀

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发表于 2017-1-8 11:45:55 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

  英语是专升本考试当中比较重要的一门,学好英语不是一件简简单单的事情。如何才能学好英语呢?想要英语提高分,可以把英语题型给分解,比如先把阅读理解这项给弄清楚,解决了其中一项,再解决下一项,英语复习起来也会变得轻松起来。

  在专升本英语考试中,作者态度类题目是阅读理解必出的题,大家要想做好这类题,就必须了解文章作者的写作意图,以及对问题的态度、观点,只有这样才能正确的理解作者的态度。

  阅读理解的最后一题常常提问作者对文章中某一问题的态度(Attitude)、全文的基调(Tone)、文章的出处(Source)及对文章前后接续内容的判断等。

  关于态度或基调(Attitude/Tone)类题的回答应从篇章的体裁着手。一般来说,说明文中作者的态度是客观的(objective)或中立的(neutral);议论文中,作者的观点才会显得多种多样,常见的选项有:

  (1) positive(积极的)

  (2) negative(消极的)

  (3) neutral(中立的)

  (4) approval(赞成的)

  (5) disapproval(不赞成的)

  (6) indifferent(漠不关心的)

  (7) sarcastic(讽刺的)

  (8 )critical(批评的)

  (9) optimistic(乐观的)

  (10) pessimistic(悲观的)

  态度类问题的几种提问方式 :

  (1)What‘s the writer‘s attitude to …?

  (2)What‘s the tone of the passage?

  (3)The author‘s view is _______

  (4)The writer‘s attitude of,this passage is apparently ______

  (5)The author suggests that _________

  (6)According to author __________

  有的文章中,作者观点明确,文章基调清楚,而有的文章中,作者仅仅暗示对某一问题的态度和观点,需要阅读时仔细琢磨。

  解答这类问题时,首先应请注意篇章中起连接手段作用的那些词语;其次应注意有些表明作者观点词汇,如形容词、动词等。

  对文章的出处及文章前后接续内容判断等可从全篇着手,从个别句子或词汇找线索进行判断。

  Example:

  I am not so nave ,however ,as to believe that is responsible for this unfortunate situation of the American woman. I am not a feminist ,but I am an individualist. I do not believe there is any important difference between men and women. Certainly not as much as there may be between one woman and another or one man and an-other. There are plenty of women and men,for that matter who would be completely fulfilled in being allowed to be as lazy as possible. If someone will ensconce them in a pleasant home and pay their bills,they ask no more of life. It is quite all right for these men and women to live thus so long as fools can be found who will pay so much for nothing much in return. Gigolos ,male and female,are to be found in every class and in the best of homes. But when a man does not want to be a gigolo,he has the freedom to go out and work and create as well as he can. But a woman has not. Even if her individual husband lets her,tradi ition in society is against her.

  In this passage the author looks on the situation of women with an attitude of .

  A)amusement

  B)indifference

  C)disapproval

  D)condemnation

  此篇文章中,作者对待这一问题的态度十分明确、强硬(如用语I am not 等等),因此只参在选项C)和D)中选择。而从文章中的“gigolos”,"fools"等词可看出作者不仅不赞成而且态度更甚。所以,选项C)程度还不够,这一题的正确答案是D)

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